The Salzburger Land is one of nine federal states in Austria. State capital is the city of Salzburg.
At 7,154.6 square kilometers, Salzburg is the sixth largest federal state in Austria with a share of 8.5 percent. With around 550,000 inhabitants, the state ranks seventh in the federal states - six percent of Austrians live here. Thanks to its central location, the province of Salzburg is considered the heart of Austria, and Austria in turn is the heart of Europe.
The federal state borders in the north and northeast on Upper Austria, in the southeast on Styria, in the south on Carinthia and East Tyrol (since 1919 a short piece of South Tyrol, Italy), in the west on North Tyrol, in the northwest on Germany (Bavaria), where the Berchtesgadener Land reaches deep into Salzburg.
The landscape of the province of Salzburg
The Salzburg Land is mountainous with its 7,156 km2 to 5 sixths and lies on the northern roof of the Eastern Alps on both sides of the Salzach and at the upper reaches of the rivers Saalach, Enns and Mur.
The federal state has a share of the Central Pine Zone in the Hohe and Niedere Tauern (Hohe Tauern National Park), the Salzburg Slate and Limestone Alps, the Prealps and the hilly Alpine foothills.
In the northeast, the lake landscape of the Salzkammergut with the Fuschlsee, the largest part of Lake Wolfgang and Salzburg, is divided into natural landscapes, which are followed by the historical classification and today's districts:
- The Alpine foothills and the Salzburg share of the Salzkammergut are called Flachgau
- Kalkalpengebiet and Lammertal form the Tennengau
- The land around the middle Salzach and the upper Ennstal is called Pongau
- The land around the upper Salzach and the Saalachtal Pinzgau
- The catchment area of the upper Mur is the Lungau
The climate in the province of Salzburg
Salzburg is located in the temperate zone, more specifically in the Central European transitional climate. Of course, there are also fluctuations within the climatic region, which are influenced by the altitudes and the amount of precipitation differs in the mountain regions. The wettest month is July, unlike January, February and March, when it rains very little. Very famous is also the typical Salzburg "Schnürlregen".
Equally special is the hair dryer, which is a warm, dry wind. Some people complain of headaches when the hair dryer blows across the land. He can also trigger avalanches - be careful with the tourers.
The history of Land Salzburg
The name was given to the country due to its salt wealth.
The independent historical development of the federal state as a spiritual imperial principality from 1328 to 1803 and as an electorate until 1805 as well as its affiliation to the Bavarian imperial circle in this time distinguishes the country from the history of all other Austrian countries.
Salzburg was first a good 600 years part of Bavaria, then about 500 years independent principality in the State Association of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. 1805 to 1810 and finally after the Congress of Vienna in 1816, the province of Salzburg (except the Rupertigau) came to Austria. It now shares its historical development for 200 years.